Many times people who file for disability with the Social Security Administration (SSA) have claims for both Disability Insurance Benefits (DIB) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Also, many times, the person who is found disabled is really only entitled to, at most, five months of past due SSI benefits. Yet, SSA will start off with paying the person many more months of SSI to which they are not really entitled. When SSA tries to figure what you are owed in past due DIB, they reduce that amount by what you have been overpaid in SSI. This is called the windfall offset. Sounds simple enough doesn’t it? But it is not. SSA withholds the past due DIB until the offset is calculated. In about a twenty-one percent (21%) of the time it is not calculated at all and another thirty-one percent (31%) of the time it is not done in a timely manner. Two percent (2%) of the time it is done incorrectly. Only about forty-five percent (45%) of the time are things done properly. This can be very confusing to individuals receiving disability benefits. It can also make it difficult for the disabled person to receive all past due benefits to which they are entitled. At Perry Law Office, after we help a person obtain a favorable decision that they are disabled, we follow their claim in an effort to see that all past due benefits are properly paid.
Difference between Supplemental Security Income (SSI) under Title XVI of the Social Security Act and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI or SSD) otherwise known Disability Insurance Benefits (DIB) or Social Security Disability, under Title II of the Social Security Act. Most people do not know there are two different programs administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). In fact there are others but these are the two I am going to focus on today. The main difference is that Supplemental Security Income is income based and only available to low-income disabled individuals. If you make too much or have too much money saved in a bank or a retirement plan such as an IRA, 401K, or the like, or you live with you may not be eligible for SSI. Supplemental Security Income also has a cap on your monthly benefits that is substantially lower than Disability Insurance Benefits. Generally SSI is for those who have never worked, including children; who have worked but very little and have not worked enough to qualify for DIB; for those who have worked but a long time ago. Along with meeting one of these, you must be considered low-income pursuant to Social Security Administration.
Disability Insurance Benefits or Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits are available when an individual has earned enough work credits (paid enough into the Social Security fund through your paycheck, which are taken out with your taxes). From each of your pay checks your employer must pay FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act) taxes. This is more like paying an insurance premium. Each time you got paid, a portion of your check went to a fund to support Social Security. In return for making such payments, upon becoming disabled you are entitled to various monthly disability benefits. The amount you receive is specifically related to the amount you have put in over the years. If you have worked or have not worked enough you will not be eligible for Disability Insurance Benefits. Another factor to consider is how long you have been out of work, Social Security uses a formula which creates a date where you are no longer eligible for DIB. This is called your date last insured. In order to receive Disability Insurance Benefits you must be found disabled prior to your date last insured.
Beyond these major differences, the actual requirements to be found disabled are the same. The definition of disabled does not change, but the program you are eligible to be found disabled under may based on your work history and financial status.
You can be found disabled and qualify for both Supplemental Security Income and Social Security Disability Insurance. If applying you should apply for both to protect your right to claim either. If you never apply you may lose out on benefits you may otherwise be entitled to.
If you have been denied Supplemental Security Income or Social Security Disability Insurance (Disability Insurance Benefits), you may want to call an attorney to help you receive the benefits you may otherwise be entitled too.
Call Perry Law Office today to speak with an experienced attorney to discuss your options and help you obtain SSI or Disability Insurance Benefits. Remember, once you receive an denial you have a short deadline to appeal.
Perry Law Office, P.C.